Creosote is also known as creostain. It is a category of carbonaceous(chiefly of rocks or sediments) composed by the purification of various tars and decomposition of material at high temperatures, such as timber or fossil fuel. Creostain commonly used in as conservative or antiseptics.
Samples of creosote may generally found inside chimney flues, where wood and coal burns under changing conditions, producing dirt and smoke. Creosote is the primary chemical liable for stability, smell, and taste of smoked meat.
The two main kind of creosote known in the industry are:-
• Coal-tar creosote
• Wood-tar creosote
The coal-tar creosote variety, having the powerful and deadly characteristic, has mostly been used for wood protection; coal-tar creosote was also already used as an escharotic(A element which produces an eschar), to burn poisonous skin tissue, and in dental clinics to prevent necrosis. The wood-tar variety mostly used in ship treatment and medical uses like antiseptic.
Nature of creosote have also made from both petroleum and oil shales, and even as oil-tar creosote, it comes from oil tar, and as well as water-gas-tar creosote it comes from the water gas tar. Creosote also has been made from pre-coal forming such as coal and peat(soft coal)
Wood-tar creosote is a without color to little yellow oily liquid with a smoky smell, effect a dark flame when burned. It is non-floating in water, with specific gravity. It is in its natural form. Wood –tar creosote extracted from beechwood. Creosote is also known for its guaiacol and creosol content.
Some other type of Creosote
Except for coal-tar and wood-tar creosote, there are some different types of creosote also present.
The oil-tar creosote is extracted in the manufacturing of petroleum gas by the petroleum oil.
Similarly, the Water-gas-tar creosote is obtained from the petroleum oil but by a different process. Water-gas-tar Creosote distilled in the production of water gas.
Lignite and different then coal-tar creosote manufacture Lignite-tar creosote.
Peat-tar creosote purified from the peat-tar. Peat-tar used as the wood preservative in past
Original, proper Coal-Tar Creosote used in Professional Use and the traditional Creosote is used for wood treatment against wood rotting fungi and wood destroying insects. Farmers and professionals users use traditional creosote, Creosote used in railway sleepers and telegraph poles it prevents railway sleepers and timber used in the construction of bridges.
Some of the benefits of Creosote:
• Protect timber against insects and fungi and increase the life of the wood.
• Oil based with a distinctive odor.
• Reduces the drying and splitting of timber, so sleeper and timber used in the construction of railway bridge use creosote.
• It is water repellent it does not let water to penetrate into the wood.
• Works on timber that is in ground contact, so it does not allow timber to absorb moisture from the ground.
• It is safe around plants and animals once dried.
• It has mild disinfectant properties.
• It is an approved genuine preservative.
• Economical in use.
• Brush, spray or dipping can easily apply to it.
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